Volume 2 Issue 2

Research Article
September 17, 2021

AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Abundance and Activation is increased with the ?-Adrenergic agonist Zilpaterol Hydrochloride in Muscle from Feedlot Cattle

Chung KY, Goulart RS, Borges Ribeiro FR, Hosford AD, Tokach RJ, Hergenreder JE, Anderson MJ and Johnson BJ* DOI:10.54026/CJDVS1024

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of Zilpaterol Hydrochloride (ZH) on myogenic or adipogenic gene and protein expression in skeletal muscle. Two feeding trials and one cell culture experiments were conducted. Semimembranosus muscle tissue was collected from steers that had been fed a diet containing 8.3 mg of ZH/kg DM for the last 0 or 20 d of the finishing period with a 3 d withdrawal period. To test the mode of action an in vitromodel was used with, isolated bovine satellite cells isolated from muscle tissue. Real Time-QPCR (RTQPCR) was used to measure the relative mRNA abundance of Adenosine Monophosphate Protein Kinase α (AMPK), Myosin Heavy Chain (MHC) I, MHCIIA, MHCIIX, Insulin-like Growth Factor I (IGF-I), β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) 1 and 2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (SCD). Western blotting was used to measure the relative protein abundance of AMPK and Phosphorylated-AMPK (pAMPK). No differences were detected in relative mRNA abundance of AMPK, MHCIIA, IGF-I, βAR1 and βAR2. However, MHCI, SCD, and PPARγ mRNA expression was decreased and MHCIIX mRNA increased from ZH fed cattle compared to non-ZH. For one experiment, AMPK protein expression increased, while in another experiment, AMPK phosphorylation increased with ZH fed animals. The increase in MHCIIX mRNA with ZH fed cattle indicated the start of a fiber type shift towards larger diameter fibers. This shift may have been due to increased expression and phosphorylation of AMPK. These data suggest that the shift increase in MHCIIX was likely due to the ZH administration.
Keywords: AMPK; β-adrenergic receptors;Skeletal muscle; Zilpaterol HCl