Volume 1 Issue 1

Review Article
August 29, 2020

Clinical and Sub-Clinical Endometritis and its Impact in Reproductive Performance of Cattle: A Review

Haben Fesseha* Abstract:

Reproductive health problems are one of the most important problems that affect the reproduction and productivity of dairy cows. Among the major reproductive problems, abortion, dystocia, retained fetal membrane (RFM), pyometra, metritis, endometritis, anestrus, repeat breeding have a direct impact on reproductive performance and results in considerable economic loss to the dairy industry. Endometritis in cattle is defined as inflammation of the uterine endometrium more than 21 days post-partum and not associated with systemic signs of illness. There are different risk factors like intrinsic which includes calving season, and nutrition. There are also extrinsic factors like dystocia, retained placenta, negative energy balance, and milk yield. Economic losses due to endometritis include reduced reproductive rate, prolonged inter-conception and calving interval, negative effect on fertility, increased cost of medication, drop in milk production, reduced calf crop, and early depreciation of potentially useful cows resulting in reduces farm profitability on dairy farms. Consequently, to avoid its adverse effects every dairy farm implement endometritis monitoring program and employ management practices that limit the occurrence. Besides determining all the factors that enhance its risk of occurrence is more important than treating the diseases.